Green Curled Ruffec Endive


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Green Curled Ruffec Endive features dark-green heavily serrated 12-18" leaves in loose heads, which blanch to cream in the center. It is a flavorful bitter green that can add a great crisp texture and flavor to many types of dishes. Use Green Curled Ruffec Endive greens for elegant salads, harvesting baby leaves early on when they reach the desired size, and harvesting the full leaves for later use. Green Curled Ruffec leaves can be  elegant vessels for goat cheese, nuts, and fruits or wrapped around savory fillings like smoked salmon or prosciutto for a delightful appetizer. Add the leaves to soups and stews to enhance the texture and flavor or roast for a warm, earthy size dish.

Also Known As: Curled Chicory, Lettuce Endive, Curly Endive, Ruffec Leaf Endive, Escarole

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Plant Name:
Endive, Green Curled Ruffec
Latin Name:
Cichorium endivia
Days to Germinate: 7-14
Days to Harvest: 80
Germination Rate: 85%
Test Date: 9/23
Growth Habit: Upright
USDA Zones: 3-12
Lifespan: Annual
Brand: TomorrowSeeds
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Shade
Heirloom, Open-Pollinated
Fungicide-Treated Seeds:*: No
Seeds Packed For**: 2024

*Fungicide-treated seeds protect the seedlings from diseases until they are up and growing. Do not eat treated seeds.
**Seeds are freshly packed for the growing season of the year listed. Seeds are still viable beyond pack date. Store in a cool and dry location such as the refrigerator or basement to best preserve germination rates.

Planting Instructions:


Soil Preparation:

Remove weeds, large rocks, and litter from the planting area. Till the soil 8-10 inches deep and rake several times to break up large clods. It is best to do this when the soil is dry enough to not stick to garden tools. Loosening the soil will help the plant establish strong roots.


In the Spring, plant after all danger of frost has passed. Plant seeds 1/4 inch deep in raised beds spaced 8 inches apart. Space the rows 18 inches apart or spaced about 2-3 feet apart if growing with other plants. Planting in moist soil is best for seeds to germinate and emerge quickly.

Planting Depth: 1/4 inch
Within-Row Spacing:
8 inches
Between-Row Spacing:
18 inches


Care During the Season:

Watering: Water plants moderately. If the soil moisture is low, water but avoid waterlogging soil.

Weeding: Keep plants free of weeds, which rob weak root systems of nutrients and moisture.

Insecticides: Insecticides may be used to protect plants. Bt-based insecticides and sulfur are organic options that can be used for prevention. Sevin is a synthetic option. Sulfur also has fungicidal properties and helps in controlling many diseases. Before using a pesticide, please read the label and always follow cautions, warnings and directions.

Diseases: Disease can happen in cloudy, damp weather. Check plants daily and treat with an approved fungicide if diseases do appear. Neem oil, sulfur, and other fungicides are available for use. Please always follow label directions.


Endive is usually harvested when the plant is 8-12 inches tall but the plant can be harvested at any stage of growth.  Harvest individual baby endive leaves when they reach the desired size. Full sized leaves can be harvested later but cutting the head at the base of the plant.


Nutrition Facts:


Amount Per
Calories 4
% Daily Value*
Total Fat 0.1 g 0%
Saturated fat 0 g 0%
Cholesterol 0 mg 0%
Sodium 6 mg 0%
Potassium 79 mg 2%
Total Carbohydrate 0.8 g 0%
Dietary fiber 0.8 g 3%
Sugar 0.1 g
Protein 0.3 g 0%
Vitamin C 2% Calcium 1%
Iron 1% Vitamin D 0%
Vitamin B6 0% Cobalamin 0%
Magnesium 1%
*Percent Daily Values are based on a 2,000 calorie diet. Your daily values may be higher or lower depending on your calorie needs.