Harris Early Model Parsnip


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Harris Early Model Parsnips feature cream-colored, large, tapering roots that are 8-11 inches long with shoulders as wide as 3-1/2 inches. Enjoy Harris Early Model Parsnips raw, boiled and mashed for luxurious creamed parsnips, roasted, fried, or steamed! This biennial plant is usually grown as an annual and is a member of the parsley family. As a biennial, parsnips establish their long, tuberous root establishes in the first year and grow cream-colored skin and flesh in the second. When left in the ground to mature, parsnips becomes sweeter in flavor after winter frosts. An excellent source of folate, fiber, and vitamin C.

Also Known As: Wild Parsnip, American Hollow Crown, Heirloom Parsnip, White Albino Carrot, Root Swede, Prairie Parsley, Pastinaca, Snow Turnip.

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Plant Name:
Parsnip, Harris Early Model
Latin Name:
Pastinaca sativa
Days to Germinate: 14-28
Days to Harvest: 130
Germination Rate: 85%
Test Date: 10/23
Growth Habit: Root
USDA Zones: 2-12
Lifespan: Biennial
Brand: TomorrowSeeds
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Shade
Heirloom, Open-Pollinated
Fungicide-Treated Seeds*: No
Seeds Packed For**: 2024

*Fungicide-treated seeds protect the seedlings from diseases until they are up and growing. Do not eat treated seeds.
**Seeds are freshly packed for the growing season of the year listed. Seeds are still viable beyond pack date. Store in a cool and dry location such as the refrigerator or basement to best preserve germination rates.

Planting Instructions:


Soil Preparation and Fertilizing:

Parsnips are a cool-season crop and don't do as well in hot summer months. Parsnips like loose, well-drained soil to allow the roots to expand easily. If the soil is full of rocks and clods, the roots can become misshapen. To prepare the soil, clear the area of rocks, trash, and large sticks. Small pieces of grass and leaves can be mixed into the soil to make it richer. Spade the soil 8-12 inches deep and completely cover plant material. You may optionally scatter 1 cup of a complete fertilizer on the soil for each 10 feet of row to be planted. Rake the soil until it is smooth and work the beds into 4-6 raised ridges to allow soil to drain and let air enter soil.  


Plant seeds as soon as the soil can be worked in the Spring and soil temperature reaches about 45F. For a Fall crop, plant in late Summer for a harvest after the first frost. In milder climates, it is possible to plant in late Fall for overwintering and an early Spring harvest. Use a hoe handle or stick to make a 1/2 inch furrow deep down the center of the ridge.  Plant 3-4 seeds in the furrows spaced 3 inches apart within the rows. Cover lightly with loose soil then sprinkle with water. You may cover with a thing layer of fine compost or potting mix to help retain moisture.

Planting Depth: 1/2 inch
Within-Row Spacing:
3 inch
Between-Row Spacing:
18 inches


Care During the Season:

Watering:  Keep the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged during the germination period, as carrots are sensitive to drying out during this period. Water the plants well weekly if it does not rain.

Weeding: Keep the parsnips free of weeds, which rob weak root systems of nutrients and moisture.
Insecticides: Insecticides may be used to protect plants. Before using a pesticide, please read the label and always follow cautions, warnings and directions.

Diseases: Check plants daily and treat with an approved fungicide if disease do appear. Neem oil, sulfur, and other fungicides are available for use. Please always follow label directions.


Harvest parsnips after the first frost. Or, if harvesting earlier, store the harvested parsnips 2-3 weeks below 35F for best flavor. Parsnips have natural starches that enzymes will then break down into sugar when frozen, this gives the parsnips its unique earthy sweetness. Harvest parsnips by pulling from the tops until the roots separate from the soil.


Nutrition Facts:

Calories 100
% Daily Value*
Total Fat 0.4 g 0%
Saturated fat 0.1 g 0%
Polyunsaturated fat 0.1 g
Monounsaturated fat 0.1 g
Cholesterol 0 mg 0%
Sodium 13 mg 0%
Potassium 499 mg 14%
Total Carbohydrate 24 g 8%
Dietary fiber 7 g 28%
Sugar 6 g
Protein 1.6 g 3%
Vitamin A 0% Vitamin C 37%
Calcium 4% Iron 4%
Vitamin D 0% Vitamin B-6 5%
Cobalamin 0% Magnesium 9%
*Percent Daily Values are based on a 2,000 calorie diet. Your daily values may be higher or lower depending on your calorie needs.