Black Turtle Bean (Black Bean)


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Black Turtle Beans, commonly known as "Black Beans" are small, oval-shaped beans with a shiny, black skin and measuring about 1/4-inch in length. Black beans are rich and hearty and an essential addition to your pantry for nutritious and flavorful meals. Known for their dense, meaty texture and rich, earthy flavor, they are a staple in many Latin American and Caribbean cuisines. In Cuban cuisine, Black Turtle Beans are famously used in "Frijoles Negros," a traditional black bean soup that is a cornerstone of the country's culinary heritage. Black Turtle Beans have been a dietary staple for over 7,000 years, dating back to ancient Mesoamerican civilizations. Black Turtle Beans are rich in anthocyanins, the same antioxidants found in blueberries, giving them their distinctive black color and numerous health benefits. Perfect for a variety of dishes, Black Turtle Beans can be used in soups, stews, salads, and as a protein and fiber-rich side dish.

Also Known As: Black Bean, Frijol Negro, Turtle Bean, Mexican Black Bean, Spanish Black Bean, Black Beauty Bean, Venezuelan Black Bean, Cuban Black Bean, Sooty Black Bean, Common Black Bean.

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Plant Name: Bean, Black Turtle
Latin Name:
Phaseolus vulgarus
Days to Germinate: 7-14
Days to Harvest: 60 Pods; 90 Dry Beans
Germination Rate: 85%
Test Date: 5/24
Growth Habit: Bush
USDA Zones: 3-12
Lifespan: Annual
Brand: TomorrowSeeds
Sunlight: Full Sun, Partial Shade
Heirloom, Open-Pollinated
Fungicide-Treated Seeds*: No
Seeds Packed For**: 2025

*Fungicide-treated seeds protect the seedlings from diseases until they are up and growing. Do not eat treated seeds.
**Seeds are freshly packed for the growing season of the year listed. Seeds are still viable beyond pack date. Store in a cool and dry location such as the refrigerator or basement to best preserve germination rates.

Planting Instructions:


Soil Preparation:

Remove weeds, large rocks, and litter from the planting area. Till the soil 8-10 inches deep and rake several times to break up large clods. It is best to do this when the soil is dry enough to not stick to garden tools. Loosening the soil will help the plant establish strong roots.


In the Spring, plant beans after all danger of frost has passed. In the Fall, plant beans 10 to 12 weeks before the first expected frost. Plant bush beans 1 inch deep and 1 to 2 inches apart in the rows that are 2½ to 3 feet apart. Planting in moist soil is best for seeds to germinate and emerge quickly. After the beans have sprouted, thin the plants to 4-6 inches apart.

Planting Depth: 1 inch
Within-Row Spacing:
4-6 inches
Between-Row Spacing:
2 1/2-3 feet


Care During the Season:

Watering: Water the plants about once a week in dry weather. Try not to let the soil dry out while the beans are blooming or the blooms will drop and yields will be decreased.

Weeding: The roots of beans grow near the soil surface. When hoeing and pulling weeds, try not to dig too deep to prevent the plant's roots from damage.

Fertilizing: As the plants begin to flower and set beans, you may optionally apply fertilizer to help plants produce more beans. Apply by scattering between the rows about 1/2 cup of fertilizer for every 10 feet of row. Water the plants after fertilizing.

Insecticides: Insecticides may be used to protect plants. Bt-based insecticides and sulfur are organic options. Sulfur also has fungicidal properties and helps in controlling many diseases. Before using a pesticide, read the label and always follow cautions, warnings and directions.

Diseases: Diseases may be a possibility during cool, wet weather. If spots appear on leaves or bean pods, treat the plant with an approved fungicide. Neem oil, sulfur, and other fungicides may be used.


Black beans can be picked earlier for snap beans or later in the shelling stage or the dry stage. For snap beans, pick pods after 6 weeks when pods are bright green and at least 5 inches long. To pick beans during the shelling stage, pick when the pod has changed color and the beans have been plumped, but before the pods and seeds have dried. During the dry stage, pick dry beans when the pods are dry and brittle and seeds inside are hard. 


Nutrition Facts:

Amount Per
Calories 240
% Daily Value*
Total Fat 0.65 g 1%
Saturated fat  g 1%
Trans fat regulation 0 g
Sodium  5.55  mg 0%
Potassium 801 mg 24%
Total Carbohydrate  45.1 g 16%
Dietary fiber 19 g 68%
Sugar 0.7 g
Protein 15 g 30%
Vitamin C 0% Calcium
29% Vitamin D 0%
Vitamin B6   
8% Cobalamin 0%
*Percent Daily Values are based on a 2,000 calorie diet. Your daily values may be higher or lower depending on your calorie needs.