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|Onion, Red Beard Spring
|Days to Germinate:
|Days to Harvest:
|Full Sun, Partial Shade
|Seeds Packed For**:
*Fungicide-treated seeds protect the seedlings from diseases until they are up and growing. Do not eat treated seeds.
**Seeds are freshly packed for the growing season of the year listed. Seeds are still viable beyond pack date. Store in a cool and dry location such as the refrigerator or basement to best preserve germination rates.
Soil Preparation and Fertilizing:
Choose an area with well-draining soil and receives full sunlight each day. When it is dry enough to not stick to garden tools, work the soil. Before seeding or transplanting, remove all rocks and trash from the soil, then dig or plow the soil 4-6 inches deep and rake up several times to break up large clods. Tip: If you live in an area with heavy clay or hard soil, add a 1 inch layer of compost to improve soil texture.
Green onions prefer cooler weather and can survive winters to produce again in the spring. To plant bunching onion seeds, you may start seeds indoors about 6 weeks before you plan to transplant them to the garden. Green onion seeds need temperatures of at least 50°F to germinate properly. Or, you may direct sow onion seeds outdoors by planting them 1/4 inch deep. You may use a string line if you prefer straight rows, plant, then pinch to cover seeds. Place the seeds 1 inch apart in rows spaced 1-2 feet apart.
|1- 2 feet
Watering: Watering once a week is usually enough in the Spring. You may need to water more often during dry, windy weather. Slow, deep watering helps the root system grow strong.
Weeding and Pruning: Weeds are easy to pull or cut when they are 3-4 inches tall. Try not to let weeds or grasses grow large because they will compete with green onions for nutrients. If hoeing to remove weeds, be careful not to cut too deeply as cutting the feeder rooters may slow the plant's growth. It is better to pull by hand when possible.
Fertilizing: When the green onion plants have 5-6 leaves, you may optionally apply fertilizer to help grow larger scallions and bigger bulbs. Use about 1/2 cup of fertilizer for each 10 feet of onion row. Scatter the fertilizer evenly between the rows around the plants. Then water the green onions after adding the fertilizer.
Insecticides: Green onions have few insect problems. Many Insecticides are available in garden centers for use if needed. Bt-based insecticides and sulfur are organic options that can be used. Sevin is a synthetic insecticide option. Before using a pesticide, please read the label and always follow cautions, warnings and directions.
Diseases: Diseases may be problem on onions. Brown leaf tips or brown spots on the middle and lower parts of leaves may be caused by plant diseases. Sulfur has fungicidal properties than can help control many diseases. Neem oil and other fungicides are available for use. Please always follow cautions, warnings, and directions.
Green onions may be picked from the time they are pencil size until they begin to form bulbs. Harvest the largest plants first so that those left can continue to grow. You may also cut the green onions at the base, leaving a few inches above the ground. Green onions will continue to grow at the cut point. Green onions can be stored in the refrigerator or packed into freezer bags for long term storage.